Anti-Racism at EHS
“Racial oppression is a broad and cumulative force . . . And racial oppression will interact with many other privileges and disadvantages to produce a myriad of effects . . . But when it’s all tallied up the end result will still show, more often than not, measurably different outcomes for people depending on race. There are very few hardships out there that hit only people of color and not white people, but there are lots of hardships that hit people of color a lot more than white people. (17-18)”
-Ijeoma Oluo, So You Want to Talk About Race
As a predominantly white school, with a predominantly white faculty and staff, in a system created to support whiteness, we need to address the needs and concerns and respond to our students of color and their families.
We are proud to have been a positive educational experience for so many students over the years, but we continue to work to be a school to provide that experience for each and every one of our EHS students.
So we deeply appreciate our community’s work, our students' words and thoughts and our family involvement to create a space for healing, and not only make our school less racist, but actively antiracist.
This section of the EHS website serves as public notification of the work we are doing, and will continue to do, address our racial inequities at Eagan High School. Furthermore, it acts as a resource list so you can learn with us about the history and contemporary reality of racism in order to become antiracist. This is a living document that will grow and change with time.
Note on sources: A great deal of the language below is quoted from Ibram X. Kendi’s book How to be Antiracist (One World, 2019) and Ijeoma Oluo’s book So You Want to Talk About Race (Seal Press, 2019.)
*EHS has, since September of 2020, employed a full-time Student Support Specialist to work specifically with our students of color. Mr. Simon Ghirmai is a District 196 graduate who received his Bachelor's degree from University of Minnesota in History. His position as a Student Support Specialist began in 2021 at EHS. His work focuses on building relationships with students of color as well as their parents/guardians. He coordinates his work with our counselors, teachers, principals and coaches. He will also be working with the Cultural Family Advocates assigned to EHS - Ms Kadra Marsame, Ms. Veronica Ramos, Ms. Rashelle Redmon and Ms. Lisa Turgeon. He assists the students with academic and behavior support, problem solving and goal setting as a focus on achieving success and personal growth as they plan for the future. He is at Eagan HS every day and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or by calling 651-683-6977.
*Professional Development Update:
-Beginning the second week of school 2020-2021, the faculty and staff participate in weekly listening and discussion circles among small-group faculty cohorts (Click here for example video of these listening circles in action)
-2020-2021: EHS Faculty and Staff participated in Implicit Bias training with equity trainer Michael Walker of Minneapolis Public Schools during the school year on 4 staff development days.. Michael Walker also worked with the EHS Principals’ Team in four training sessions
-2021-2022 Training through the Search Institute, University of MN in Developmental Relationships with Young People was conducted throughout the year.
-2022-23 Our professional development focus is "Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Teaching and Learning" through Sharraky Hollie's Shell Education.
*Connect and Process
-Discussion and Listening Circles are convened with EHS students each week in 2020, 2021-22. These circles will include our CFA's, Harry Sonie , and Counselors. This is open to all students - the sign up link has been sent through Schoology to the students.
-We have changed our in-school suspension practices at EHS. We have both reduced the number of offenses that would result in ISS, and changed the structure to be more restorative for the student. Our efforts are focused on keeping students in classes and addressing the concern behind the behavior for student success. Attendance concerns which represented well over half of the ISS offenses and reflections now focus on restorative academic support in "Reflect and Renew".
The Wildcat Football program has made a new commitment to Transformational Change as detailed in this newsletter.
This is an update for our community on our work in making Eagan High School an antiracist and equitable school as a faculty and staff.
-Our Equity and Inclusion Advisory Council began meeting in December of 2020. The meetings with this group of parents, students, alumni, faculty, staff and CFA’s have been facilitated by Dr. Talaya Tolefree of Koinonia Leadership Academy. This group has agreed to put accountability and transparency first and foremost and committed to attend restorative practice and antiracism training in the next few months. Meetings continued twice per month with this group into the first months of 2021.
-Since September, 2020 through early May, 2021 the full Eagan HS faculty and staff have been meeting weekly in professional development groups of 6-8 participants for focused discussions about racism. We were guided by a purposeful set of questions and resources like articles, podcasts, videos and books. These conversations have been challenging, at times uncomfortable, and essential in furthering our work in improving our school for our students of color. Our goal here is to create space to, as author of our current text, So You Want to Talk About Race (2019), Ijeoma Oluo, says, “Talk. Please talk and talk and talk and talk some more” (230).
-Additional professional development, Michael Walker and Dena Luna from Critical Questioning Consulting, Minneapolis. They worked as facilitators with the faculty members of Eagan HS. The full afternoon workshop of Nov. 4, 2020 focused on defining racism, understanding and accepting our implicit bias and developing our efforts to address it. Together our teachers, counselors, principals, CFA’s and Student Support Specialists participated in this training and small group discussion.
-On January 13, 2021 the entire faculty worked together again with Critical Questioning Consulting for an afternoon under the leadership of Michael Walker and Dena Luna. The teaching and learning module in this training was “Avoiding Marginalization of the Marginalized while Distance Learning.” The training will empower us to become more aware of the potential for our teaching strategies and lessons to further marginalize those who are already disenfranchised and understand the power of caring and relationships when we need to adapt and change as much as we have during this pandemic.
-On Wednesday, February 10, 2021 the entire faculty and some staff including our Cultural Family Advocates met in workshop session with Michael Walker and Dena Luna, Critical Questioning LLC. The theme was “History, Microaggressions and Culturally Relevant Strategies”.
- These facilitators continued to provide training in Culturally Responsive practices for educators on two more professional development days in late winter and spring of 2021.
-Teachers within departments, and teaching teams have been sharing and discussing teaching and assessment strategies and practices with the purpose of applying the lens of equity and inclusion. For example, teachers continue to revise their late work and testing window policies to accommodate for the challenges that students are facing. Our focus here is to make our teaching more flexible and to reduce ways in which we might marginalize students.
-Discipline policies and practices have been reviewed and are under continued modifications for equity and access to learning each year.. After examining In School Suspension (ISS) data from the past several years we have ended ISS at Eagan HS. Nearly all of the students assigned to ISS were determined to be students with attendance issues – missing classes without parent or school approval. ISS did not appear to be mitigating that behavior and, in fact, caused students to miss more class periods. When we returned to in-person with students, a restorative process of reflecting and renewing agreements for changed behavior were implemented. Students are not held out of classes but, instead, work with student advocates and counselors to develop strategies for renewed attendance and behavior for success. Time is spent during study halls or advisory time for this effort.
-Restorative Practices training continued under the leadership of consultants, including Dr. Tolefree. Our Equity Advisory Council of students, parents, faculty members and CFA’s engaged in this training during 2021. The principals’ team also engaged in the training before both sharing it with faculty and staff as well as incorporating it into the discipline practices used at EHS.
-Together with other District 196 personnel, we are reviewing and editing the District 196 Student Rights and Responsibilities for changes to be made for the future. We are giving particular attention to language that describes harassment, and giving strong consideration to revising this language to explicitly identify racist language or actions as intolerable. The 2021-22 District 196 Rights and Responsibilities handbook reflects this work. This process continues into 2022-23.
-EHS gathered and analyzed data on student attendance, course credits and behavior. We examined the data to inform our work in making our programming, grading and learning more equitable. This information was shared and reviewed with our faculty and staff for their further discussion and planning as we began school this year. Returning to in person learning has allowed us to implement more one-on-one interventions and tutoring support in 2021-2022 at EHS. Our summer Eagan Academy program helped students recover over 900 credits.
-During our 2020-21 Distance Learning, students who needed access to the internet, a quiet place to do classes and some support came in 4 days per week and worked at Eagan HS. We provided this to address equity and inclusion for our students and families.
-Eagan HS continues barrier free registration in our Honors, Advanced Placement and Career Development programs. Although this has been District and our high school’s policy and practice for a number of years, we are now reaching out to BIPOC students to encourage their choice to enroll in these course offerings. Those students coming in as ninth graders will be placed into the Honors level whenever possible, and especially if supported by grade 8 teachers to do so. AVID enrollment also continues to support this effort. Four grade levels of AVID are in place for EHS students.
-A group of teachers, counselors, principals and advocates met to create the "85 Team" at EHS in the Spring of 2021, named after the 85% of each school day students are in classes with teachers. The team examines student data, academic information, and behavioral information. The goal o this team is to continue to create urgency to meet student needs. Also, it's work involves re-examining professional development in hopes of supporting and training our faculty on classroom best practices. The team endorsed the Sharroky Hollie CLRTL work for 2022-23.
Efforts have included the following so far.
- Analysis of grade data from the 2020-21 school year.
- Analysis of behavior and attendance data, starting from 2020-21 and continuing into this year.
- Application of the equity lens and race lens to the above data sets.
- Examination of professional development in hopes of training our staff with a focus on classroom best practices while also shifting towards a Culturally Responsive mindset in both pedagogy and curriculum development.
- Presentations and faculty work with the Search Institute on the "20 Developmental Relationship" components. This began in 2021, and continued into the 2021-22 school year with sessions focused on Challenging Growth, Sharing Power, Providing Support and Expanding Possibilities.
- Teacher trainings provided by Move Mindfully in Winter of 2022, focusing on mindfulness, social emotional learning, and support for anxiety, stress and depression relief in our students and staff.
- CLRTL Professional work with a trainer for over 16 hours in 22-23.
1) Eagan Choir Directors, Amy Jo Cherner and Jim Cox, presented at the State Convention for the American Choral Directors Association of Minnesota to over 60 choral directors from around the state. The title of the session was “Promoting Diversity and Inclusion as a White Educator”.
2) Programming more pieces by BIPOC composers. Of the 36 pieces programmed for Eagan Choirs this year, about half are BIPOC composers or lyricists.
3) A display was created to highlight many of these composers and currently hangs in the main hallway outside the music area.
4) Bel Canto, Eagan’s 10th-12th grade select SSA choir had a Zoom rehearsal with Dr. Marquis Garrett, a BIPOC composer and educator teaching at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Bel Canto is currently singing a piece Garrett composed.
5) Time is taken to discuss the history of choral pieces, focusing on those by BIPOC composers. The study of the text, compositional style, and life of the composer is been a more intentional part of instruction.
6) For the Dakota Valley Choral Festival, a performance involving the Concert Choirs from all four ISD196 schools, we selected for the first time in it’s 46 year history, an African-American female conductor to be our guest clinician.
7) Dr. Merrin Guice Gill and Dr. Marcus Simmons, African-American professors from Bethel University, presented a lecture concert to over 100 EHS Choir students. The topic of the lecture concert was “Compositions of African-American Composers in Art Song and Choral Music”.
Black History Month - 2022
The Career Development Hospitality Class students in conjunction with the students’ Connect and Process Group, the EHS Art Department faculty and students, and the Cultural Family Advocates, along with other faculty and staff have been working together to create a meaningful Black History Month in February 2022 for our students and school.
All of this work is ongoing. We are learning and changing.
Eagan HS ANTIRACIST VISION AND GOALS
Eagan High School will become an antiracist school where our curriculum, relationships, culture, and policy work to dismantle racism in our school and empower students to dismantle racism after they leave our school.
EHS will value and build relationships with every one of our students, regardless of race, culture, sexuality, religion, gender identity, academic achievement, ability or ethnicity.
EHS will organize and participate in equity training for faculty and staff through professional development in the areas of antiracism, implicit bias, and inclusion. This training will be ongoing and persistent.
EHS will educate our students in order to create awareness of racist language and behavior among them.
EHS will educate staff and faculty how to better respond to racist language and behavior.
EHS will work with the District 196 curriculum leaders and our departments at Eagan HS in the process of auditing our curriculum for racist content and methods in every department.
EHS will examine our discipline system and replace policies that produce racial disparities with alternate systems (e.g. restorative justice, relationship building, reduction of suspension days).
EHS will improve systems, structures, communications, and cultural expectations around access and enrollment in our honors and advanced classes for BIPOC and other underrepresented students.
EHS will revise and enhance one-to-one services (i.e. individual student interactions with individual staff members in each and every school space) to equalize access, build relationships, and improve support for BIPOC and other underrepresented and disenfranchised students.
EHS will communicate our antiracism goals and actions to our stakeholders.
Why focus on race?
It should go without saying that each student is a unique individual who deserves to be treated as such. Our students' identities are formed at the intersection of their culture, ethnicity, gender, sexuality, families, languages, experiences, and race.
This antiracism work does not replace the work we need to do to better serve students who are marginalized in other ways. And it doesn't replace the work we've always done to best serve all our students. But to not name racism is to allow it to continue.
This is because racist power is intertwined with all aspects of American life, including public education. Consequently, we must confront it head on.
As Oluo explains, “Racism in America exists to exclude people of color from opportunity and progress so that there is more profit for others deemed superior. This profit itself is the greater promise for nonracialized people—you will get more because they exist to get less. That promise is durable, and unless attacked directly, it will outlive any attempts to address class as a whole” (12).
This is because racist power is intertwined with all aspects of American life, including public education. Consequently, we must confront it head on.
What is race?
Race, as we understand it in Western society, was constructed almost 600 years ago. It was constructed to justify slavery and to dehumanize people. It was not constructed as a way to name naturally occurring groups.
Or, as explained in the 2019 New York Times Op-Ed "How Italians Became White," "racial categories that people mistakenly view as matters of biology grow out of highly politicized myth making."
In other words, white people created race, placing themselves at the top of the racial hierarchy. These categories were created with no regard for the cultures, languages, experiences, or genetics of the racial groups that white people put lower on that hierarchy.
The tools of racist power are the same that created the idea of "race" - policy and ideas, politics and "academic" writing. Now, here we are, 600 years later, and racist power is very real and very present, an immensely dangerous and destructive force, both politically and culturally.
What is racism?
According to Kendi, racism is “a marriage of racist policies and racist ideas that produces and normalizes racial inequities" (20). A racist policy is one that “produces or sustains racial inequity between racial groups" (17), while “racist ideas suggest one racial group is inferior or superior to another racial group in any way" (20).
Or, to put it another way: “Racism was designed to support an economic and social system for those at the very top. This was never motivated by hatred of people of color, and the goal was never in and of itself simply the subjugation of people of color. The ultimate goal of racism was the profit and comfort of the white race” (Oluo, 32).
What is “antiracism?”
Antiracism is that idea that one racial group can be different from another in obvious manifestations of culture, but cannot be better or worse, right or wrong, relative to another racial group. All racial groups are equal in this way because they are comprised of individuals, and all individuals are equally human. This understanding leads to an inevitable conclusion that lies at the heart of all antiracist initiatives: that racist policies, not intrinsic qualities, are the causes of racial inequity. To do antiracist work, therefore, is to dedicate time and energy to identifying and dismantling racist policies. For example, looking at housing inequities between racial groups and understanding that the divergent percentages of home ownership between racial groups derive directly from policy decisions (legal and de facto) at the local, state, and federal levels.
Antiracism means that silence supports racist ideas and inaction supports racist policy. In other words, there is no middle ground between racism and antiracism. As Kendi explains, “There is no such thing as a non-racist or race-neutral policy. Every policy in every institution in every community in every nation is producing or sustaining either racial inequity or equity between racial groups" (17-18).
Antiracism teaches us that all racial groups are equal and none require development. No racial group is the standard against which another racial group measures itself. No racial group requires instruction or integration. Antiracism rejects the entire concept of hierarchies (cultural, behavioral, biological, etc.) among racial groups.
Antiracism teaches us that to overthrow racism is to overthrow racist power: “The root problem . . . has always been the self-interest of racist power. Powerful economic, political, and cultural self-interest . . . has been behind racist policies" (Kendi, 42). The history of racism is the history of asserting and maintaining power. Race, a useful fiction, was created for this purpose. It continues to be used as such: to rationalize and secure unequal opportunity.
However, “when we look at [the issue of racism and racial oppression] in its entirety, it seems like too much, but understand that the system is invested in you seeing it that way. The truth is, we all pull levers of this white supremacist system every day. The way we vote, where we spend our money, what we do and do not call out—these are all pieces of the system. We cannot talk our way out of a racially oppressive system. We can talk our way into understanding, and we can then use that understanding to act. (234-235)”
This means that antiracism is a fundamentally hopeful perspective, one focused on concrete action, on policy change that creates equity.
What does that mean for us at EHS?
It means that we must be prepared to acknowledge that Eagan High School creates, institutionalizes, and perpetuates racial inequities, whether they are academic, social, cultural, co-curricular, or otherwise. It means that we must acknowledge that students of color have been and continue to be marginalized in our classrooms and hallways, our stairwells, our gyms, our athletic fields, our offices, and our grounds. It means, ultimately, that we are ready to admit our failures, regardless of intention, and to continue the hard but necessary work of fixing them.
It means that we, as a school, must interrogate our culture, curriculum, and policies to identify and dismantle racist policies.
While this is a monumental task and “it is easy to think that the problem of racial oppression...is just too big.” We might ask ourselves, “How on earth can we be expected to dismantle a complex system that has been functioning for over four hundred years?” Well, Oluo’s answer, and the approach we are taking, is “piece by piece.”
Racism in Minnesota
This section offers articles, books, and videos that help build an understanding of why and how Minneapolis became a flashpoint for a global uprising against anti-Blackness and state violence.
By understanding the rich legacy of Black struggle in the Twin Cities, we can better understand the roots of what we are presently living through. Moreover, we can learn from the successes and setbacks of those that came before us as we struggle for the future we want to live in. If you wish to learn more, please check out Adam Bledsoe's Minneapolis Uprising Syllabus.
Report of the Metro Gang Strike Force Review Panel – Andrew Luger and John Engelhof
“Drug Enforcement in Minority Communities: The Minneapolis Police Department” – Police Executive Research Forum/National Institute of Justice
History of Black Minnesota
“Why this started in Minneapolis” – Sarah Holder
Slavery’s Reach: Southern Slaveholders in the North Star State – Christopher Lehman
“Race and Segregation in St. Paul’s Public Schools, 1846-69” – William Green
“Minnesota’s Long Road to BLACK SUFFRAGE 1849-1868” – William Green
“The Black Community in Territorial St. Anthony: A Memoir” – Emily O. Goodridge Grey and Patricia C. Harpole
The Negro in Minnesota – Earl Spangler
African Americans in Minnesota – David Vassar Taylor
Minneapolis in the Twentieth Century: The Growth of an American City – Iric Nathanson
“When the Klan Came to Minnesota” – Kay Johnson
Overcoming: The Autobiography of W. Harry Davis – W. Harry Davis
“Old Southside Minneapolis and the 35W Dividing Line” – Denise Pike
Twin Cities Black Politics
“St. Paul’s Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1925-1941” – Alisha Volante
“Labor, Politics, and American Identity in Minneapolis, 1930-50” – Jennifer Delton
For a Moment We Had the Way – Rolland Robinson
“Nerve Juice” and the Ivory Tower Confrontation in Minnesota: The True Story of the Morrill Hall Takeover (at the University of Minnesota) – Marie Braddock Williams, Rose Freeman Massey, Horace Huntley
Somalis in Minnesota – Ahmed Yusuf
21 Racial Microaggressions You Hear on a Daily Basis, by Heben Nigatu
Climbing the White Escalator, by Betsy Leondar-Wright
Explaining White Privilege To A Broke White Person, by Gina Crosley-Corcoran
Guide to Allyship, Created by Amélie Lamont
For Our White Friends Desiring to Be Allies by Courtney Ariel
It’s Not Just the South: Here’s How Everyone Can Resist White Supremacy, by Sarah van Gelder
White Fragility, by Robin DiAngelo
Institutionalized Racism: A Syllabus A list of free articles on the context/history of institutionalized racism available through JSTOR
Making America White Again, by Toni Morrison
Understanding the Racial Wealth Gap, by Amy Traub, Laura Sullivan, Tatjana Mescheded, & Tom Shapiro
What White Children Need to Know About Race, by Ali Michael and Elenora Bartoli
White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack, by Peggy McIntosh
My President Was Black, by Ta-Nehisi Coates
Who Gets to Be Afraid in America?, by Ibram X Kendi
The Injustice of This Moment Is not an ‘Aberration,’ Michelle Alexander
People of colour have to ‘code-switch’ to fit in with white norms by Natalie Morris
The Case for Reparations by Ta-Nehisi Coates
On Being White and Other Lies by James Baldwin
“America’s Racial Contract Is Killing Us” by Adam Serwer
The 1619 Project (all the articles) The New York Times Magazine
The Combahee River Collective Statement Statement on the foundations of Black Feminism
What's Race Got to Do With ______? a series of articles by Sojourners Magazine on the interconnectedness of humanity and the ways race converges with gender, eco-justice, sexuality, leadership, technology and more.
Articles specific to our current context:
“Where do I donate? Why is the uprising violent? Should I go protest?” by Courtney Martin (June 1, 2020)
“The Death of George Floyd, In Context,” by Jelani Cobb
“Of Course There Are Protests. The State Is Failing Black People,” by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
“This Is How Loved Ones Want Us To Remember George Floyd,” by Alisha Ebrahimji
“You shouldn’t need a Harvard degree to survive birdwatching while black,” by Samuel Getachew, a 17-year-old and the 2019 Oakland youth poet laureate
“How to Make This Moment the Turning Point for Real Change,” by Barack Obama
Your Black Colleagues May Look Like They’re Okay — Chances Are They’re Not by Danielle Cadet
“I Was The Mayor Of Minneapolis And I Know Our Cops Have A Problem,” by R.T. Rybak
“Don’t understand the protests? What you’re seeing is people pushed to the edge,” by Kareem Abdul-Jabbar in Los Angeles Times
“I’m Black. My Mom is White. This Is The Talk We Had To Have About George Floyd’s Killing,” by Kimberly J. Miller
Defund the Police? Here’s what that really means. by Christy Lopez
Robin DiAngelo: How 'white fragility' supports racism and how whites can stop it interview with Sandee LaMotte
How To Be An Antiracist by Dr. Ibram X. Kendi
Just Mercy by Bryan Stevenson
Sister Outsider by Audre Lorde
Why Are All The Black Kids Sitting Together In The Cafeteria? And Other Conversations About Race by Beverly Daniel Tatum
So You Want to Talk About Race by Ijeoma Oluo
A Spectacular Secret: Lynching in American Life and Literature by Jacqueline Goldsby
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
Born a Crime: Stories from a South African Childhood by Trevor Noah
The Warmth of Other Suns by Isabel Wilkerson
Their Eyes Were Watching God by Zora Neale Hurston
This Bridge Called My Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color by Cherríe Moraga
White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism by Robin DiAngelo, PhD
Biased by Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt
Raising White Kids: Bringing Up Children In A Racially Unjust America by Jennifer Harvey
Waking Up White by Debby Irving
Citizen: An American Lyric by Claudia Rankine
Brutal Imagination by Cornelius Eady
They Were Her Property by Stephanie E. Jones-Rogers
Austin Channing Brown
Me and White Supremacy by Layla F. Saad
Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates
The Underground Railroad by Colson Whitehead
The Nickel Boys by Colson Whitehead
The Fire Next Time by James Baldwin
Whistling Vivaldi: How Stereotypes Affect Us and What We Can Do by Claude M. Steele
West Indian Immigrants:: A Black Success Story? by Suzanne Model
The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime, and the Making of Modern Urban America by Khalil Gibran Muhammad
The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain by Langston Hughes
The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison
The Blacker the Berry by Wallace Thurman
The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm X and Alex Haley
How We Get Free: Black Feminism and the Combahee River Collective Edited by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
Well-Read Black Girl: Finding Our Stories, Discovering Ourselves Edited by Glory Edim
Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
A Terrible Thing To Waste: Environmental Racism And Its Assault On The American Mind by Harriet A. Washington
Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police and Punish the Poor by Virginia Eubanks
The End of Policing by Alex S. Vitale
Blackballed: The Black Vote and U.S. Democracy by Darryl Pinckney
Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and the Origins of American Gynecology by Deirdre Cooper Owens
Chokehold: Policing Black Men by Paul Butler
The Color of Compromise by Jemar Tisby
Conversations in Black edited by Ed Gordon
Cole, R. (2010). The story of Ruby Bridges. New York, NY: Scholastic Paperbacks Derolf, S. (2014). The crayon box that talked. New York, NY: Random House for Young Readers.
Evans, S. (2016). We march. New York, NY: Square Fish. Giovanni, N. (2007). Rosa. New York, NY: Square Fish.
Greenfield, E. (1986). Honey, I love and other love poems. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.
Greenfield, E. (1996). Grandpa’s face. New York, NY: Puffin Books.
Hart, G. (2014). DK eyewitness books: Ancient Egypt. New York, NY: DK Children.
Hassig, S.M. (1997). Cultures of the world: Somalia. New York, NY: Cavendish Square Publishing.
Isadora, R. (1994). At the crossroads. New York, NY: Greenwillow Books.
Knight, M.B. (2002). Africa is not a country. Minneapolis, MN: Millbrook Press.
Krebs, L. (2008). We’re sailing down the Nile. Cambridge, MA: Barefoot Books.
Kroll, V.L. (1993). Africa brothers and sisters. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing.
Levine, E. (2007). Henry’s freedom box: A true story from the Underground Railroad. New York, NY: Scholastic Press.
Levy, D. (2013). We shall overcome: The story of a song. New York, NY: Jump At The Sun.
Mace, V. (2008). National Geographic Countries of the World: South Africa.
McQuinn, A. (2006). Lola at the library. Watertown, MA: Charlesbridge.
Miller, J.P. (2005). We all sing with the same voice. New York, NY: HarperCollins
Moore, J.R. (2002). The story of Martin Luther King Jr. Nashville, TN: Candy Cane Press.
Nelson, K. (2013). Mandela. New York, NY: Katherine Tegen Books.
O’Brien, A. (1994). My name is Johari. Northborough, MA: Newbridge Educational Pub
Otoshi,K. (2008). One. Mill Valley, CA: KO Kids Books.
Ramsey, C.A. & Strauss, G. (2010). Ruth and the green book. Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books.
Rappaport, D. (2007). Martin’s Big Words. New York, NY: Hyperion.
Ringgold, F. (2003). If a bus could talk: The story of Rosa Parks. New York, NY:Aladdin.=
Schermbrucker, R. (1991). Charlie’s house. New York, NY: Viking Juvenile.
Tonatiuh, D. (2014). Separate is never equal: Sylvia Mendez and her family’s fight for desegregation. New York, NY: Harry N. Abrams
Winter, J. (1992). Follow the drinking gourd. New York, NY: Dragonfly Books. Woodson, J. (2012). Each kindness. New York, NY: Nancy Paulsen Books.
Ideas and Resources
75 Things White People Can Do for Racial Justice by Corinne Shutack
Anti-racism Resources (a google doc)
Scaffolded Anti-Racism Resources (a google doc)
Code Switch, hosted by journalists Gene Demby and Shereen Marisol Meraji
Black Like Me, host Dr. Alex Gee
Scene on Radio – Seeing White Series, host John Biewen and collaborator Chenjerai Kumanyika
TED Radio Hour – Mary Bassett: How Does Racism Affect Your Health? host Guy Raz speaks with Dr. Mary T. Bassett, Director of the FXB Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University
Here & Now – Without Slavery, Would The U.S. Be The Leading Economic Power? host Jeremy Hobson and author Edward Baptist
NPR Morning Edition – You Cannot Divorce Race From Immigration journalist Rachel Martin talks to Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Jose Antonio Vargas
Pod Save the People, Activism. Social Justice. Culture. Politics. On Pod Save the People, organizer and activist DeRay Mckesson
Floodlines from The Atlantic. An audio documentary about the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Floodlines is told from the perspective of four New Orleanians still living with the consequences of governmental neglect. As COVID-19 disproportionately infects and kills Americans of color, the story feels especially relevant. "As a person of color, you always have it in the back of your mind that the government really doesn't care about you," said self-described Katrina overcomer Alice Craft-Kerney.
1619 from The New York Times."In August of 1619, a ship carrying more than 20 enslaved Africans arrived in the English colony of Virginia. America was not yet America, but this was the moment it began." Hosted by recent Pulitzer Prize winner Nikole Hannah-Jones, the 1619 audio series chronicles how black people have been central to building American democracy, music, wealth and more.
Intersectionality Matters! from The African American Policy Forum. Hosted by Kimberlé Crenshaw, a leading critical race theorist who coined the term "intersectionality," this podcast brings the academic term to life. Each episode brings together lively political organizers, journalists and writers. This recent episode on COVID-19 in prisons and other areas of confinement is a must-listen.
Throughline from NPR. Every week at Throughline, our pals Rund Abdelfatah and Ramtin Arablouei "go back in time to understand the present." To understand the history of systemic racism in America, we recommend "American Police," "Mass Incarceration" and "Milliken v. Bradley."
Still Processing, a New York Times culture podcast with Jenna Wortham and Wesley Morrison
Jemele Hill is Unbothered, a podcast with award-winning journalist Jemele Hill
Hear To Slay, “the black feminist podcast of your dreams,” with Roxane Gay and Tressie McMillan Cottom
The Appeal, a podcast on criminal justice reform hosted by Adam Johnson
Justice In America, a podcast by Josie Duffy Rice and Clint Smith on criminal justice reform
Brené Brown with Ibram X. Kendi, a podcast episode on antiracism
This is Us, Dr. Eddie Glaude explains why blaming current racial tensions on Donald Trump misses the point. (3 minutes)
Racism is Real, A split-screen video depicting the differential in the white and black lived experience. (3 minutes)
Confronting ‘intergroup anxiety’: Can you try too hard to be fair? Explores why we may get tongue tied and blunder when we encounter people from groups unfamiliar to us. (5 minutes)
CBS News Analysis: 50 states, 50 different ways of teaching America’s past, Ibram X. Kendi reviews current history curriculum production and use across the U.S. (5 minutes)
The Disturbing History of the Suburbs, An “Adam Ruins Everything” episode that quickly and humorously educates how redlining came to be. (6 minutes)
What Kind of Asian Are You? Humorous two minute YouTube video that illustrates the utter silliness of the way many white Americans interact with Asian Americans. (2 minutes)
White Bred, Excellent quick intro to how white supremacy shapes white lives and perception. (5 minutes)
What Would You Do: Bicycle Thief Episode? ABC’s popular show explores the impact of racial and gender bias and prejudice at a family friendly park. Before this video, would you have anticipated this differential treatment?
Tyler Merrit Project: Before You Call (3 minutes)
I Didn't Tell You, Ever wonder what a day in the life of a person of color is like? Listen to this poem, written and spoken by Norma Johnson. (7 minutes)
New York Times Op-Docs on Race, Multiple videos with a range of racial and ethnic perspectives on the lived experience of racism in the US. (each video about 6 minutes)
https://www.raceforward.org/videos/systemic-racism Short videos on what systemic racism is
Getting Real about Education: A Conversation Short videos of conversations with Black parents, teachers, and students around discipline, parent involvement, and representation.
How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Discussing Race, TEDx talk by Jay Smooth that suggests a new way to think about receiving feedback on our racial blindspots. (12 minutes)
Finding Myself in the Story of Race a TEDx talk by Debby Irving, the author of Waking Up White, about her journey in understanding race and racism. (15 minutes)
What Being Hispanic and Latinx Means in the United States, Fernanda Ponce shares what she’s learning about the misunderstanding and related mistreatment of the incredibly diverse ethnic category people in U.S. call Hispanic. (12 minutes)
Indigenous People React to Indigenous Representation in Film And TV, Conversation with a diverse range of Indigenous people by FBE about media depictions of Indigenous people, Columbus day, and Indigenous identity. (15 minutes)
How to deconstruct racism, one headline at a time, TED Talk by Baratunde Thurston that explores patterns revealing our racist framing, language, and behaviors. (10 minutes)
The urgency of intersectionality, TED Talk by Kimberlé Crenshaw that asks us to see the ways Black women have been invisibilized in the law and in media. (19 minutes)
The danger of a single story, TED Talk by Chimamanda Adiche, offers insight to the phenomenon of using small bits of information to imagine who a person is. (18 minutes)
Racism Has A Cost for Everyone: TED Talk by Heather McGhee, looks at the notion that my liberation is bound in yours. This is not a feel good statement but a reality when it comes to how racism impacts policy, budgets, and prevents us from achieving a society that works for us all
How to overcome our biases? Walk boldly toward them, TED Talk by Vernā Myers, encourages work vigorously to counter balance bias by connecting with and learning about and from the groups we fear. (19 minutes)
Hip hop, grit, and academic success, TEDx Talk by Dr. Bettina Love, explains how students steeped in Hip Hop culture, often seen as deficient, actually bring the very characteristics deemed necessary for 21st century success. (15 minutes)
Sit on the Couch
Just Mercy Free to watch for the month of June, this 2019 film about Bryan Stevenson and the work of the Equal Justice Initiative portrays racism in our society and the justice system.
When They See Us, Four-part Netflix series by Ava DuVernay about the wrongful incarceration and ultimate exoneration of the “Central Park Five.” (four 1+ hour episodes)
13th, Netflix documentary by Ava DuVernay about the connection between US Slavery and the present day mass incarceration system. (1 hour 40 minutes)
Fruitvale Station, a film with Michael B. Jordan about the killing of Oscar Grant (1 hour 25 minutes)
I Am Not Your Negro Narrated by the words of James Baldwin with the voice of Samuel L. Jackson, I Am Not Your Negro connects the Civil Rights Movement to Black Lives Matter. Although Baldwin died nearly 30 years before the film's release, his observations about racial conflict are as incisive today as they were when he made them. (1 hour 33 minutes)
Whose Streets? The 2014 killing of 18-year-old Michael Brown by police in Ferguson, Mo. was one of the deaths that sparked the Black Lives Matter movement. Frustrated by media coverage of unrest in Ferguson, co-directors Sabaah Folayan and Damon Davis documented how locals felt about police in riot gear filling their neighborhoods with tear gas. As one resident says, "They don't tell you the fact that the police showed up to a peaceful candlelight vigil...and boxed them in, and forced them onto a QuikTrip lot." (1 hour 42 minutes)
LA 92 LA 92 is about the Los Angeles riots that occurred in response to the police beating of Rodney King. The film is entirely comprised of archival footage — no talking heads needed. It's chilling to watch the unrest of nearly 30 years ago, as young people still take to the streets and shout, "No justice, no peace." (1 hour 54 minutes)
Teach Us All Over 60 years after Brown v. Board of Education, American schools are still segregated. Teach Us All explains why that is — school choice, residential segregation, biased admissions processes — and talks to advocates working for change. Interspersing interviews from two Little Rock Nine members, the documentary asks how far we've really come. (1 hour 20 minutes)
Black America Since MLK: And Still I Rise In this two-part series, Henry Louis Gates, Jr. chronicles the last 50 years of black history through a personal lens. Released days after the 2016 election, some themes of the documentary took on a deeper meaning amid Donald Trump's win. "Think of the civil rights movement to the present as a second Reconstruction — a 50-year Reconstruction — that ended last night," Gates said in an interview with Salon. (4 episodes, 1 hour each)
Slavery by Another name, 90 minutes PBS documentary challenges the idea that slavery ended with the emancipation proclamation. (90 minutes)
Unnatural Causes, Seven part documentary by California Newsreel that explores the impact of racism on health and US healthcare. (4 hours total, episodes have variable lengths)
Birth of a White Nation, Keynote speech by legal scholar Jacqueline Battalora, offers a blow-by-blow description of the moment the idea of, and word for, "white" people entered U.S. legal code. (36 minutes)
In The White Man's Image PBS documentary about the Native American boarding school movement designed to “kill the Indian and save the man.” (56 minutes)
Race: The Power of an Illusion, Three-part, three-hour film by California Newsreel exploring the biology of skin color, the concept of assimilation, and the history of institutional racism. (three 1 hour episodes)
Jim Crow of the North - Full-Length Documentary Roots of racial disparities are seen through a new lens in this film that explores the origins of housing segregation in the Minneapolis area. But the story also illustrates how African-American families and leaders resisted this insidious practice, and how Black people built community — within and despite — the red lines that these restrictive covenants created. (58 minutes)
The Kalief Browder Story: This documentary recounts the story of Kalief Browder, a Bronx high school student who was imprisoned for three years, two of them in solitary confinement on Rikers Island, without being convicted of a crime. He was accused at 16 of stealing a backpack, and his family was unable to afford his bail, set at $3,000. (Netflix) (6 episodes, 45 minutes each)